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Poblo Picasso Ünlü Ressamın Hayatı İngilizce

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Poblo Picasso Ünlü Ressamın Hayatı İngilizce
Edutainment > Pablo Picasso – 1881-1973

No other artist is more associated with the  term Modern Art than Pablo Picasso. He created thousands of  paintings, prints, sculptures and ceramics during  a time span of about 75 years. For many Picasso  is the greatest art genius of the twentieth century.  For others he is a gifted charlatan. Undisputed is the  fact that he influenced and dominated  the art of the twentieth century like no other modern artist.

Pablo Picasso – the Brilliant Student

Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga,  Spain, as the son  of an art and drawing teacher.  He was a brilliant student. He passed the entrance examination  for the Barcelona School of Fine Arts at the age of 14  in just one day and was allowed to skip the first two  classes. According to one of many legends  about the artist’s life, his father, recognizing the extraordinary  talent of his son, gave him his brushes and palette and  vowed to paint never again in his life.

Blue and Rose Period

During his lifetime, the artist went through different periods  of characteristic painting styles. The Blue Period  of Picasso lasted from about 1900 to 1904.  It is characterized by the use of  different shades of  blue underlining the melancholic style of his  subjects – people from the grim side of life with thin,  half-starved bodies. His painting style during these years  is masterly and convinces even those who reject his later  modern style.

During Picasso’s Rose Period from about 1905 to 1906,  his style moved away from the Blue Period to a friendly pink tone with subjects taken  from the world of the circus. 

Cubism

After several travels to Paris, the artist moved permanently  to the “capital of arts” in 1904.  There he met all the other famous artists like Henri Matisse, Joan Miro  and George Braques. He became a great  admirer of Henri Matisse and developed a life-long friendship  with the master of French Fauvism.

Inspired by the works of Paul Cezanne, he developed  together with George Braque and Juan Gris  developed the Cubist style. In Cubism, subjects are  reduced to basic geometrical shapes. In a later version of  Cubism, called synthetic cubism, several views  of an object or a person are shown simultaneously from a  different perspective in one picture.

Picasso and Guernica

In 1937 the artist created his landmark painting Guernica, a protest against  the barbaric air raid against a Basque village during  the Spanish Civil War. Picasso’s Guernica is a huge  mural on canvas in black, white and grey which was created for the  Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World’s Fair in 1937.  In Guernica, Picasso used symbolic forms – that are  repeatedly found in his works following Guernica – like a dying horse or a weeping woman.

Guernica was exhibited at the museum of Modern Art  in New York until 1981. It was transferred to the Prado  Museum in Madrid/Spain in 1981 and was later  moved to the Queen Sofia  Center of Art, Madrid in 1992. Picasso had disallowed the  return of Guernica to Spain until the end of the  rule of Fascism by General Franco.

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