Simply put, a tennis match is a competition played between two, three (Canadian Doubles, Australian Doubles, etc.) or four players.
Singles, Doubles, and Mixed Doubles are the three most common types match competitions played in tennis.
Singles is a match between two players. As a competitor, you are considered your own team.
Doubles is a match between four players. Two players are on each team. You and your teammate are depending on each other to play together as a team.
Most tennis tournament matches are gender, competitive level, and age specific. Depending on the competitive level and age of the tennis player(s), matches consist of men vs. men, women vs. women, boys vs. boys and girls vs. girls.
Mixed-Doubles tournaments are the exception. A Mixed-Doubles match is similar to a doubles match with the difference being the gender make-up of the teams. Each team consists of the pairing of a man and a woman on each team.
First things first. It is important to note as you are learning how to play tennis and before you start any tennis activity for that matter, please take the time to stretch out and warm up thoroughly.
This will prevent possible injuries and also give you time to scout out your competitor’s strengths and weaknesses.
Time to play tennis. To initiate a match, tennis players decide amongst themselves who or which team will serve first and who will be on what side of the court to start a match.
There are several ways to decide this, but most competitors either flip a coin (heads or tails) or spin a racquet (letter or symbol on the bottom of the racquet is up or down).
Generally, the player(s) who wins the toss decides either who serves first or what side to start on.The player(s) who lost the toss decides the other option.
A tennis serve initiates game play. The moment the tennis ball is served, the battle to win that point begins. Tennis players return the tennis ball back and forth until the point is played out.
The goal is to win the point by strategic game planning and game play.
Points are won when your opponent…
- is unable to return the ball before it bounces twice.
- strikes the tennis ball into the net.
- returns the ball and it lands out-of-bounds.
- double faults when serving.
When your opponent successfully executes a return to your side of the court, it is your task to return the ball by performing…
- a forehand or a backhand ground stroke. A ground stroke is when a tennis player returns the tennis ball after it has bounced once with in boundary lines.
- a volley. A volley is when a tennis player connects with the tennis ball in midair before it bounces.
Points are lost when you …
- are unable to return the ball before it bounces twice.
- strike the tennis ball into the net.
- return the ball and it lands out-of-bounds.
- double fault when serving.
Basically, the main purpose of the game of tennis is to keep tennis ball play. When learning how to play tennis, the most common action that derails most beginners is the fixation of striking the ball with power instead of returning the ball with precision and control. To start off on the right track, practice controlling the ball first and as you progress you will be able to add speed as well as power to your game.
The tennis player who is serving the ball is known as the server. This player serves the entire game by starting on the right side of the court at the baseline and strikes the ball diagonally to the left side of the court from the server’s point-of-view.
The goal is to serve the ball into what is known as the service area on the receiver’s side of the court. Throughout the game, the server rotates serves from the right side and to the left side of the baseline on the court. The receiver maneuvers accordingly from right to left to return the serve.
Tennis games can last from a few minutes to several minutes depending on how competitive the players are and how many points are played. It takes a minimum of four points to play out a game. In order to win a game, you must win by at least two points.
A set is a series of games played by tennis competitors. In order to win a set, one of the competitors must win a minimum of six games with at least a two game advantage.
A tennis player winning six games could have played up to ten games to win that set. In this case the possible results for the winner could be 6-0, 6-1, 6-2, 6-3, or 6-4.
Remember in order for a competitor to win a set, at least a two game advantage is required. Therefore, 6-5 will not close out a set. Game play must continue resulting in a final score of 7-5, 8-6, 9-7, etc.
A tennis set can last well over an hour in a competitive match unless tiebreaker scoring was established as part of the rules to determine a winner.
Prior to playing a match the maximum number of sets are establish to determine a winner. Traditionally, competitors play 2 out of 3 sets or 3 out of 5 sets in order to win a match.
The final score for a match could be 2-0 or 2-1 when competitors play the best 2 out of 3 sets. The final score for a match could be 3-0, 3-1 or 3-2 when competitors play the best 3 out of 5 sets.
Many tennis competitors play an ‘8 Game Pro Set’ when time is limited. In order to win an ‘8 Game Pro Set’, one of the competitors must win a minimum of eight games in one set with at least a two game advantage.
Regardless of the number of games and sets in a match, players must continuously rotate sides when the total number of games in a set is an odd number. For instance, if the total game score in a set is 3-2, simply add 3 + 2 = 5. Since 5 is an odd number, the players rotate sides prior to starting the next game. If the total game score in a set is 5-1, simply add 5 + 1 = 6. Since 6 is an even number, the players do not rotate sides.
Tennis players are responsible for keeping track and maintaining the score in a game, set, and match. Sound off loud and clear enough for your opponent to hear you when shots are out of bounds or the ball double bounces.
Simply shout ‘Out’ or ‘Double Bounce’ and the point is over. No communication indicates the ball is in bounds and the point continues to play out. If the ball touches the line, the shot is always considered in bounds.